The imposing replica of the Intramuros Wall, gateway to Himlayang Pilipino Memorial Park, is a symbol of Filipino resistance against foreign aggression. This was done by Arturo M. Esteban.
The original Wall is located along the southern bank of the Pasig River. It was built by the Spaniards in the 16th century and was the oldest district of the city of Manila. Its name, in Spanish, Intramuros, literally “within the walls”, meaning within the wall enclosure of the city/fortress, also describes its structure as it is surrounded by thick, high walls and moats. During the Spanish colonial period, Intramuros was considered Manila itself.